Evolution of magnetic therapy from alternative to traditional medicine
Vallbona C, Richards T.; Department of Family and Community Medicine, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, Texas, USA.

Equipment design for magnetic therapy and “Polus” devices
Viktorov VA, Malkov IuV.

Beneficial effects of electro-magnetic fields
Bassett CA., Bioelectric Research Center, Columbia University, Riverdale, New York 10463.

Clinical effectiveness of magnetic field therapy—a review of the literature
Quittan M, Schuhfried O, Wiesinger GF, Fialka-Moser V.; Universitatsklinik fur Physikalische Medizin und Rehabilitation, Wien.

Pulsed magnetotherapy in Czechoslovakia—a review.
Jerabek J. National Institute of Public Health, Praha, Czech Republic.

Electro-Magnetic fields and magnets. Investigational treatment for musculoskeletal disorders
Trock DH.; Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut, USA.


A study of the effects of Pulsed Electro- Magnetic Field Therapy with respect to serological grouping in rheumatoid arthritis
Ganguly KS, Sarkar AK, Datta AK, Rakshit A. National Institute for the Orthopaedically Handicapped (NIOH), Calcutta.

A case of congenital pseudarthrosis of the tibia treated with Pulsing Electro- Magnetic Fields. 17-year follow-up
Ito H, Shirai Y, Gembun Y. Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Nippon Medical School, Tokyo, Japan.

A double-blind trial of the clinical effects of electro-magnetic fields in osteoarthritis
Trock DH, Bollet AJ, Dyer RH Jr, Fielding LP, Miner WK, Markoll R. Department of Medicine (Rheumatology), Danbury Hospital, CT 06810.

The effect of Pulsed Electro-Magnetic Fields in the treatment of osteoarthritis of the knee and cervical spine. Report of randomized, double blind, placebo controlled trials
Trock DH, Bollet AJ, Markoll R. Department of Medicine, Danbury Hospital.

Magnetic pulse treatment for knee osteoarthritis: a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study
Pipitone N, Scott DL. Rheumatology Department, King’s College Hospital (Dulwich), London, UK.

Electro-Magnetic fields for the treatment of osteoarthritis
Hulme J, Robinson V, DeBie R, Wells G, Judd M, Tugwell P. Cochrane Collaborating Center, Center for Global Health, Institute of Population Health – University of Ottawa, 1 Stewart Street, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada, K1N 6N5.

Modification of osteoarthritis by Pulsed Electro-Magnetic Field—a morphological study
Ciombor DM, Aaron RK, Wang S, Simon B.; Department of Orthopaedics, Brown Medical School, Providence, RI 02906.

Pulsed magnetic field therapy for osteoarthritis of the knee—a double-blind sham-controlled trial
Nicolakis P, Kollmitzer J, Crevenna R, Bittner C, Erdogmus CB, Nicolakis J. Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, AKH Wien, University of Vienna, Vienna, Austria.

Therapeutic effects of pulsed magnetic fields on joint diseases
Riva Sanseverino E, Vannini A, Castellacci P., Universita di Bologna, Italy.


Effect of external Pulsing Electro- Magnetic Fields on the healing of soft tissue
Glassman LS, McGrath MH, Bassett CA. Division of Plastic Surgery, Montefiore Medical Center, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, New York, NY.

Pulsing Electro-Magnetic field therapy in nerve regeneration: an experimental study in the cat
Orgel MG, O’Brien WJ, Murray HM.

Effect of Pulsed Electro-Magnetic Fields (PEMF) on osteoblast-like cells
Satake T. Department of Oral Biochemistry, Kanagawa Dental College.


Microcirculatory effects of Pulsed Electro-Magnetic Fields
Smith TL, Wong-Gibbons D, Maultsby J. Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Wake Forest University School of Medicine,
Medical Center Blvd., Winston-Salem, NC 27157-1070, USA.


Combining high and low frequencies in rTMS antidepressive treatment: preliminary results
Conca A, Di Pauli J, Beraus W, Hausmann A, Peschina W, Schneider H, Konig P, Hinterhuber H. Departments of Psychiatry I and II, Regional Hospital, 6830 Rankweil, Austria.Effect of Pulsed Electro-Magnetic Fields (PEMF) on late-phase osteotomy gap healing in a canine tibial model
Inoue N, Ohnishi I, Chen D, Deitz LW, Schwardt JD, Chao EY.Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, The Johns Hopkins Autoradiographic evaluation of electro-magnetic field effects on serotonin (5HT1A) receptors in rat brain
Johnson MT, McCullough J, Nindl G, Chamberlain JK. Terre Haute Center for Medical Education, Indiana University School of Medicine, Terre Haute, IN 47809, USA.


The use of Pulsed Electro-Magnetic Fields with complex modulation in the treatment of patients with diabetic polyneuropathy
Science Research Institute of Medical Rehabilitation, Baku, Azerbaidzhan


Low frequency and low intensity Pulsed Electro-Magnetic Field exerts its anti-inflammatory effect through restoration of plasma membrane calcium ATPase activity
Selvam R, Ganesan K, Narayana Raju KV, Gangadharan AC, Manohar BM, Puvanakrishnan R. Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology, Madras Veterinary College, Vepery, Chennai, India.

Protection against focal cerebral ischemia following exposure to a Pulsed Electro- Magnetic Field
Grant G, Cadossi R, Steinberg G. Department of Neurosurgery, Stanford University, California 94305.


A low-frequency alternating magnetic field, a supersonic-frequency current and interference currents in the combined treatment of chronic nonspecific endometritis
Strugatskii VM, Popovich LS.


Exposure to a specific pulsed low frequency magnetic field: a double-blind placebo-controlled study of effects on pain ratings in rheumatoid arthritis and fibromyalgia patients
Lawson Health Research Institute, St. Joseph’s Health Care, London, Ontario N6A-4V2.


The effect of a Pulsed Electro-Magnetic Field on the hemodynamics of eyes with glaucoma
Tsisel’ski IuV, Kashintseva LT, Skrinnik AV. Russian.


Magnetic fields in physical therapy. Experience in orthopedics and traumatology rehabilitation
[Article in Italian], Borg MJ, Marcuccio F, Poerio AM, Vangone A.

Therapeutic effects of electro-magnetic fields in the stimulation of connective tissue repair
Aaron RK, Ciombor DM., Department of Orthopaedics, Brown University, Providence, Rhode Island 00928.


Pseudarthrosis after lumbar spine fusion: non-operative salvage with Pulsed Electro-Magnetic Fields
Simmons JW Jr, Mooney V, Thacker I. UTMB, Galveston, Texas, USA.

Effects of static magnetic and Pulsed Electro-Magnetic Fields on bone healing
Darendeliler MA, Darendeliler A, Sinclair PM. Discipline of Orthodontics, Faculty of Dentistry, University of Sydney, Australia.

Pulsed Electro-Magnetic Fields for the treatment of bone fractures
Satter Syed A, Islam MS, Rabbani KS, Talukder MS. Industrial Physics Division, BCSIR Laboratories, Dhaka.

Effects of pulsed magnetic energy on a microsurgically transferred vessel
Roland D, Ferder M, Kothuru R, Faierman T, Strauch B. Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery at the Alert Einstein College of Medicine, Bronx, NY, USA.

Exposure to pulsed magnetic fields enhances motor recovery in cats after spinal cord injury
Crowe MJ, Sun ZP, Battocletti JH, Macias MY, Pintar FA, Maiman DJ. Neuroscience Research Laboratories, The Clement J. Zablocki VA Medical Center, Milwaukee, WI 53295, USA.

Treatment of non-union of bone fractures by pulsing electro-magnetic fields
Hutchings J.


The influence of pulsed electrical stimulation on the wound healing of burned rat skin
Castillo E, Sumano H, Fortoul TI, Zepeda A. Department of Physiology and Pharmacology, School of Veterinary Medicine, Natiol Autonomous University of Mexico, Mexico, D.F.

Effect of low frequency Pulsing Electro- Magnetic Fields on skin ulcers of venous origin in humans: a double-blind study
Ieran M, Zaffuto S, Bagnacani M, Annovi M, Moratti A, Cadossi R. Department of Medical Angiology, Arcispedale S. Maria Nuova, Reggio Emilia, Italy.

Pulsed Electro-Magnetic Fields in experimental cutaneous wound healing in rats
Patino O, Grana D, Bolgiani A, Prezzavento G, Mino J, Merlo A, Benaim F. Department of Postgraduate Reconstructive and Plastic Surgery.

Effects of pulsed extremely-low-frequency magnetic fields on skin wounds in the rat
Ottani V, De Pasquale V, Govoni P, Franchi M, Zaniol P, Ruggeri A. Istituto di Anatomia Umana Normale, Bologna, Italy.

Effects of magnetic fields on skin wound healing. Experimental study
[Article in Spanish] Patino O, Grana D, Bolgiani A, Prezzavento G, Mino J, Merlo A, Benaim F. Department of Postgraduate Reconstructive and Plastic Surgery, Universidad del Salvador and Fundacion del Quemado.

Effects of Pulsed Electro-Magnetic Fields on rat skin metabolism
De Loecker W, Delport PH, Cheng N. Afdeling Biochemie, Katholieke Universiteit te Leuven, Belgium.


Electrochemical therapy of pelvic pain: effects of Pulsed Electro-Magnetic Fields (PEMF) on tissue trauma
Jorgensen WA, Frome BM, Wallach C. International Pain Research Institute, Los Angeles, California.


The treatment of hypertension patients with electro-magnetic and magnetic fields
Orzheshkovskii VV, Chopchik DI, Paramonchik VM, Fastykovskii AD, Kovalenko VP.


Effect of bio-resonance therapy on antioxidant system in lymphocytes in patients with rheumatoid arthritis
Islamov BI, Balabanova RM, Funtikov VA, Gotovskii YV, Meizerov EE. Institute of Theoretical and Experimental Biophysics, Russian Academy of Sciences, Pushchino, Russia.

The effect of exposure to high flux density static and pulsed magnetic fields on lymphocyte function
Aldinucci C, Garcia JB, Palmi M, Sgaragli G, Benocci A, Meini A, Pessina F, Rossi C, Bonechi C, Pessina GP; Department of Physiology, University of Siena, Siena, Italy.


Initial exploration of Pulsing Electro-Magnetic Fields for treatment of migraine
Sherman RA, Robson L, Marden LA. Service of Orthopedic Surgery, Madigan Army Medical Center, Tacoma, Wash. 98431, USA.

Treatment of migraine with Pulsing Electro-Magnetic Fields: a double-blind, placebo-controlled study
S herman RA, Acosta NM, Robson L. Orthopedic Surgery Service, Madigan Army Medical Center, Tacoma, WA 98431, USA.

Impulse magnetic-field therapy for migraine and other headaches: a double-blind, placebo-controlled study
Pelka RB, Jaenicke C, Gruenwald J. Universitat der Bundeswehr Munchen Munich, Germany.


Therapy of day time fatigue in patients with multiple sclerosis
Zifko UA.; Sonderkrankenanstalt fur Neurologie, Klinik Pirawarth, Kurhausstrasse 100, A-2222 Bad Pirawarth, Austria.

Effects of a Pulsed Electro-Magnetic therapy on multiple sclerosis fatigue and quality of life: a double- blind, placebo controlled trial
Lappin MS, Lawrie FW, Richards TL, Kramer ED. Energy Medicine Developments, (North America), Inc., Burke, Va., USA.

Effect of extremely low frequency (correction of frequency) magnetic field on brain ischemic reaction in rats
Zhao L, Wei J, Yan G, Wang Y, Huang Z, Zhao D.; Institute of Space Medico- Engineering, Beijing, China.

Theory of multi channel magnetic stimulation: toward functional neuromuscular rehabilitation
Ruohonen J, Ravazzani P, Grandori F, Ilmoniemi RJ.; BioMag Laboratory, Helsinki University Central Hospital, Finland.


Pre-treatment of rats with Pulsed Electro-Magnetic Fields enhances regeneration of the sciatic nerve
Kanje M, Rusovan A, Sisken B, Lundborg G. Department of Animal Physiology, University of Lund, Sweden.

An experimental study of the effects of Pulsed Electro-Magnetic Field (Diapulse) on nerve repair
Raji AM.

Effect of weak, Pulsing Electro-Magnetic Fields on neural regeneration in the rat
Ito H, Bassett CA.

Effect of Pulsed Electro-Magnetic stimulation on facial nerve regeneration
Byers JM, Clark KF, Thompson GC. Department of Otorhinolaryngology, University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center, Oklahoma City, USA.

A comparative study of the effects of magnetic stimulation and electric stimulation on peripheral nerve injury in rat
Bannaga A, Guo T, Ouyang X, Hu D, Lin C, Cao F, Dun Y, Guo Z. Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Tongji Hospital, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan 430030.

Electro-Magnetic Fields influence NGF activity and levels following sciatic nerve transection
Longo FM, Yang T, Hamilton S, Hyde JF, Walker J, Jennes L, Stach R, Sisken BF. Department of Neurology, UCSF/VAMC, San Francisco, California, USA.

Enhancement of functional recovery following a crush lesion to the rat sciatic nerve by exposure to Pulsed Electro- Magnetic Fields
Walker JL, Evans JM, Resig P, Guarnieri S, Meade P, Sisken BS. Division of Orthopaedic Surgery, University of Kentucky College of Medicine, Shriners Hospitals for Crippled Children, Lexington.

Stimulation of rat sciatic nerve regeneration with Pulsed Electro-Magnetic Fields
Sisken BF, Kanje M, Lundborg G, Herbst E, Kurtz W. Center for Biomedical Engineering, University of Kentucky, Lexington 40506.

Effects of high-peak Pulsed Electro- Magnetic Field on the degeneration and regeneration of the common peroneal nerve in rats
Raji AR, Bowden RE.

A multivariate approach to the treatment of peripheral nerve transection injury: the role of electro- magnetic Field Therapy
Zienowicz RJ, Thomas BA, Kurtz WH, Orgel MG. University of Massachusetts Medical School, Berkshire Medical Center, Pittsfield.


Magnetic and electrical stimulation in the rehabilitative treatment of patients with organic lesions of the nervous system
Tyshkevich TG, Nikitina VV; A. L. Polenov Russian Science Research Neurosurgical Institute, St. Petersburg.

History of magnetic stimulation of the nervous system
Geddes LA.; William A. Hillenbrand Biomedical Engineering Center, Purdue University, West Lafayette, Indiana 47907.

Evaluation of treatment with a Pulsed Electro-Magnetic Field on wound healing, clinicopathologic variables, and central nervous system activity of dogs
Scardino MS, Swaim SF, Sartin EA, Steiss JE, Spano JS, Hoffman CE, Coolman SL, Peppin BL. Scott-Ritchey Research Center, College of Veterinary Medicine, Auburn University, AL 36849, USA.


Pulsed magnetic field therapy in refractory neuropathic pain secondary to peripheral neuropathy: Electro-diagnostic parameters—pilot study
Weintraub MI, Cole SP. New York Medical College, Briarcliff Manor, New York 10510, USA


The effect of long-term pulsing electro-magnetic field stimulation on experimental osteoporosis of rats
Mishima S. Department of Orthopedic Surgery, School of Medicine, University of Occupational and Environmental Health, Kitakyushu, Japan.

Pulsed Electro-Magnetic Fields prevent osteoporosis in an ovariectomized female rat model: a prostaglandin E2- associated process
Chang K, Chang WH. Department of Biomedical Engineering, Chung-Yuan Christian University, Chung-Li, Taiwan, Republic of China.

Bone density changes in osteoporosisprone women exposed to Pulsed Electro-Magnetic Fields (PEMFs)
Tabrah F, Hoffmeier M, Gilbert F Jr, Batkin S, Bassett CA. University of Hawaii School of Medicine, Straub Clinic and Hospital, Honolulu.


Evaluation of electro-magnetic fields in the treatment of pain in patients with lumbar radiculopathy or the whiplash syndrome
Thuile Ch, Walzl M., International Society of Energy Medicine, Vienna, Austria.

Pain management and electro-magnetic medicine
Ouellette EA., University of Miami School of Medicine, Department of Orthopaedics and Rehabilitation, Florida, USA.

Electrochemical therapy of pelvic pain: effects of Pulsed Electro-Magnetic Fields (PEMF) on tissue trauma
Jorgensen WA, Frome BM, Wallach C. International Pain Research Institute, Los Angeles, California.

Spine fusion for discogenic low back pain: outcomes in patients treated with or without Pulsed Electro- Magnetic Field stimulation
Marks RA. Richardson Orthopaedic Surgery, Texas 75080, USA.

Pulsed magnetic field therapy in refractory neuropathic pain secondary to peripheral neuropathy: electrodiagnostic parameter—pilot study
Weintraub MI, Cole SP. New York Medical College, Briarcliff Manor, New York 10510, USA.


Magnetic fields in the treatment of Parkinson’s disease
Sandyk R, Anninos PA, Tsagas N, Derpapas K. Democrition University of Thrace, Department of Medical Physics and Polytechnic School, Alexandroupolis and Xanthi, Greece.


Electrochemical therapy of pelvic pain: effects of Pulsed Electro-Magnetic Fields (PEMF) on tissue trauma
Jorgensen WA, Frome BM, Wallach C. International Pain Research Institute, Los Angeles, California.


Pulsed magnetic and electro-magnetic fields in experimental achilles tendonitis in the rat: a prospective randomized study
Department of Orthopaedics and Traumatology, Chinese University of Hong Kong, Prince of Wales Hospital, Shatin, New Territories, Hong Kong.

Pulsed Electro-Magnetic Field therapy of persistent rotator cuff tendonitis. A double-blind controlled assessment
Binder A, Parr G, Hazleman B, Fitton- Jackson S.

The effect of Pulsed Electro-Magnetic Fields on flexor tendon healing in chickens
Robotti E, Zimbler AG, Kenna D, Grossman JA. Miami Children’s Hospital, USA.

Pulsed magnetic and electro-magnetic fields in experimental achilles tendonitis in the rat: a prospective randomized study
Lee EW, Maffulli N, Li CK, Chan KM. Department of Orthopaedics and Traumatology, Chinese University of Hong Kong, Prince of Wales Hospital, Shatin, New Territories, Hong Kong


A portable Pulsed Electro-Magnetic Field (PEMF) device to enhance healing of recalcitrant venous ulcers: a double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical trial
Ronald O. Perelman Department of Dermatology, New York University Medical Center, New York.

Treatment of chronic varicose ulcers with Pulsed Electro-Magnetic Fields: a controlled pilot study
Department of Dermatology, Belfast City Hospital.